In a perfect world, the ecosystem around your pond or lake would coexist in harmony. The truth is, certain plants can infiltrate a body of water and prevent other wildlife from flourishing. The presence of these invasive species can create an imbalance.
What are Invasive Species?
The term invasive species describes any plant that is not native to the body of water and grows or spreads at a rapid pace. These species choke the growth potential of other species, curb the use of water for recreational activities, and create potential health and safety risks. Most invasive species fall under one of four categories:
- Submerged plants: These plants grow underwater. Rapid growth creates a thick, dense obstacle for aquatic life as well as boating and fishing. Common submerged plants include Hydrilla, Egeria, Curlyleaf Pondweed, Eurasian Watermilfoil, Variable Milfoil, and Fanwort.
- Emergent plants: These have roots in shallow water but you can see the majority of their plant tissue above the surface of the water. Since they flourish in shallow sections, they are usually not problematic for large ponds or lakes. Alligatorweed, Smartweed, and Water Primrose are examples of emergent invasive species.
- Floating plants: You can see these species floating on top of the water and often they don’t have roots. They spread quickly and dominate the surface of the water. Examples of floating plants include the Water Hyacinth, Water Lettuce, Giant Salvinia, and Water Chestnuts
- Wetlands: Wetlands are ecosystems rich with diverse wildlife. Invasive species, however, can overwhelm beneficial plants in wetlands, threatening diversity. Phragmites, Purple Loosestrife, and Common Buckthorn are dangerous species in the wetlands.
The sooner you detect invasive species on your property, the easier it is to find a smart solution. At Estate Management Services, we can help you customize a treatment plan to create a healthy balance of chemistry, plants, and animals for your pond or lake. Contact us to schedule a free on-site visit.